A Glossary of Vocrioste'o'shahasi

Vocrioste’o’shahasi, commonly called the Ancient Tongue, is the language spoken by the six ancient races presided over by the Firmament (with the orcs speaking their own language).

Conventions

-Nouns follow the same conventions as in the English language, except pluralization – a singular noun is pluralized by adding an “-i” to the end of the word, regardless of its ending. The same applies to gerunds, in which the “-i” is attached to the end of the word after the “o” with an apostrophe.
ex. bak (one) becomes baki (ones)

-Verbs in the Ancient Tongue always end with “-ieh” in their infinitive form (with the exception of keh ), and are conjugated according to their subject(s) as follows:
“-iah” – me, I, myself
“-ias” – you, yourself
“-ial” – you (formal), he, she, it (also applies to objects)
“-iasi” – we, ourselves
“-iali” – you (plural), they, them, themselves (also applies to objects)

-Present participles are formed of verbs by removing the “-ieh” ending of the infinitive verb and adding “-oste” if the removal of the ending would cause the verb to end in a palatal consonant (c (staccato), k, g (staccato)), and adding “-ioste” if it would end in any other letter.
ex. krakatieh (to war, to fight) becomes krakatioste (fighting)
These present participles are attached at the end of a noun with an apostrophe, like adjectives.
ex. jeki’krakatioste (warring people)

-Past participles are formed by removing the “eh” from the end of an infinitive verb and adding “-lehet” to the end.
ex. trakieh (to fall) becomes trakilehet (fallen)
Past participles are added to the end of verbs as adjectives, just like present participles.

-Past tense verbs can be conjugated by conjugating the verb in its normal form and attaching “-va” directly to the end of the verb, without an apostrophe.
ex. torieh (to have) becomes toriah (I have) becomes toriahva (I had)

-Future tense works in the same way, but by adding “-ba” to the end of the verb instead.
ex. torieh becomes toriah becomes toriahba (I will have)

-The conjugation of keh (to be) is as follows:
ka – I am
kas – you are
kal – you are (formal), he/she/it is (also applies to objects)
kahi – we are
kali – you are (plural), they are (also applies to objects)

-A gerund is formed by adding “-o” to the end of a present participle as if it were an adjective.
ex. trakoste (falling) becomes trakoste’o (falling, n.)

-Adjectives are added to the ends of nouns with apostrophes. There are no masculine, feminine, or number specific adjectives, only one word with one meaning.
ex. Vocrioste’o’ahat (grey speaking)

-Sentence structure is the same as in the English language.

A Glossary of Nouns

ahpe (AH-peh) – foot
ahpese (AH-peh-se) – footwear, usually a more delicate shoe
alar (ALL-are) – rain, raindrop
anshe (AHN-sheh) – female sibling or very close female friend
baega (BAY-gah) – fear, horror, evil
bak (BAHK) – one, the one
balmyr (BALL-mere) – blessing, hope, faith, belief
borsu (bore-SUE) – time
dahan (DAH-hahn) – year
dail (dah-EEL) – light, flash
doraea (doh-RAY-ee-ah) – prison, confinement
doran (door-AHN) – a thousand
duos (DUE-ohs) – destruction, damage, collapse
duum (DOOM) – night, darkness, shadow
ikyor (ICK-yore) – wave, tide
jek (ZHEK) – person
kaer (CARE) – life
kalor (KAH-lore) – cliff, sheer rock face
kare (KAH-reh) – four
katire (kah-TEER-eh) – five
kaware (kah-WAH-reh) – caution, care; slowness
keshe (KEH-sheh) – male sibling or very close male friend
kle (KLEH) – valley, canyon
kor (CORE) – guard, soldier, warrior
krakatos (KRAH-kah-tohs) – war, conflict, fight
luk (LUKE) – way, path, method
nejek (NEH-zhek) – nobody, not a single person
obdaeus (ob-DAY-oos) – crown, circlet
pelannon (PELL-ah-non) – city, town
pelur (pell-OOR) – wall, shield, barrier
sanga (SAHN-gah) – blood
santi (SAHN-tee) – wits (this noun has no singular form)
saradel (SAH-rah-dell) – servant, slave
shosir (SHOW-sear) – blade, edged weapon (usually a sword)
skan (SKAHN) – mace, flail
tedari (teh-DAR-ee) – thanks (this noun has no singular form)
toreh (TORE-ay) – three
tos (TOHS) – two
val (VAHL) – lord, king, ruler
Valacirya (vahl-ah-SEER-yah) – the world
Valihi (vahl-EE-hee) – lord of lords, can also be expressed as val an vali
vokor (voh-CORE) – news, information
vokir (voe-KEER) – sound, noise
yardail (YAHR-dah-eel) – lightning
yarvokir (YAHR-voe-keer) – thunder

A Glossary of Infinitive Verbs

afarieh (ah-FAH-ree-eh) – to attach, to wear
annajieh (ah-NAH-zhee-eh) – to enter,to go inside
asarieh (ah-SAH-ree-eh) – to help, to aid, to contribute
balmyrieh (bahl-MERE-ee-eh) – to bless; to believe
balostieh (bah-LOS-tee-eh) – to approach, to near, to come closer
borsieh (BORS-ee-eh) – to look for, to seek
eshivieh (eh-SHEE-vee-eh) – to kneel, to lower oneself
farieh (fah-REE-eh) – to be able to, to have the ability to
felieh (feh-LEE-eh) – to make cold; to freeze
jerieh (ZHEH-ree-eh) – to grant, to allow, to permit
kaerieh (KAY-ree-eh) – to live
keh (KEH) – to be; to exist
kehileh (keh-HEE-leh) – to become
kelshieh (kell-SHEE-eh) – to walk, to travel, to move
krakatieh (krah-KAH-tee-eh) – to fight, to conflict, to war
krakieh (krah-KEE-eh) – to hit, to impact
midieh (mee-DEE-eh) – to kill
medileh (meh-DEE-leh) – to die
namrieh (nahm-REE-eh) – to name, to call (by a name)
narieh (NAH-ree-eh) – to need, to require
shadieh (shah-DEE-eh) – to burn, to combust
shirieh(SHEE-ree-eh) – to want, to desire
shorieh (SHOR-ee-eh) – to bring, to carry
tarieh (tah-REE-eh) – to frighten, to scare
torieh (TOHR-ee-eh) – to have, to own, to possess
trakieh (trah-KEE-eh) – to fall
vaieh (VAH-ee-eh) – to pass, to leave
varaieh (vah-RAH-ee-eh) – to meet, to greet; to see, to observe
vocrieh (voh-KREE-eh) – to speak, to vocalize

Other Words

a (AH) – for
ahiah (ah-hee-AH) – me, myself, I
ahiai (ah-hee-AH-ee) – we, ourselves
ahial (ah-hee-ALL) – he/she/they (singular)/it
ahiali (ah-hee-ALL-ee) – you (plural), they, them
ahialahi (ah-he-ALL-ah-hee) – themselves, each other
ahias (ah-hee-AHS) – you, yourself
ahil (ah-HEEL) – this
ahul (ah-HOOL) – that
aji (ah-ZHEE) – yes, affirmative
akh (AHK) – high, very, exceptionally
akhvel (AHK-vell) – highest, most, perfect
an (AHN) – of
annon (ah-NON) – many, plenty, numerous
ayor (ah-YORE) – from
dahila (dah-HEE-lah) – eternal, everlasting
en (EHN) – the
fahl (FALL) – free, unbound
far (FAHR) – strong, powerful
fel (FELL) – cold
fik (FICK) – when, as
forul (FOR-ool) – what
jhevah (zheh-VAH) – glad, happy, joyful
kaera (KAY-ruh) – alive
kan (KAHN) – twisted, foul, unnatural
kawa (KAH-wah) – cautious, careful; slow
ne (NEH) – no, not, negative
shahasi (shah-HAH-see) – old, ancient, aged
she (SHEH) – with
sil (SILL) – and, also, in addition
toskati (TOSS-kah-tee) – again, an additional time
vaeh (VAH-eh) – my, mine
vaehi (vah-EH-hee) – ours, our
vael (VAH-ell) – yours (formal), his/hers/its
vaeli (vah-ELL-ee) – yours (plural), theirs
vaes (VAH-ess) – your, yours
vi (VEE) – but, however
vol (VOHL) – to
zeh (ZEH) – too much, overmuch, overly so

A Glossary of Vocrioste'o'shahasi

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