A Glossary of Vocrioste'o'shahasi

Vocrioste’o’shahasi, commonly called the Ancient Tongue, is the language spoken by the six ancient races presided over by the Firmament (with the orcs speaking their own language).


-Nouns follow the same conventions as in the English language, except pluralization – a singular noun is pluralized by adding an “-i” to the end of the word, regardless of its ending. The same applies to gerunds, in which the “-i” is attached to the end of the word after the “o” with an apostrophe.
ex. bak (one) becomes baki (ones)

-Verbs in the Ancient Tongue always end with “-ieh” in their infinitive form (with the exception of keh ), and are conjugated according to their subject(s) as follows:
“-iah” – me, I, myself
“-ias” – you, yourself
“-ial” – you (formal), he, she, it (also applies to objects)
“-iasi” – we, ourselves
“-iali” – you (plural), they, them, themselves (also applies to objects)

-Present participles are formed of verbs by removing the “-ieh” ending of the infinitive verb and adding “-oste” if the removal of the ending would cause the verb to end in a palatal consonant (c (staccato), k, g (staccato)), and adding “-ioste” if it would end in any other letter.
ex. krakatieh (to war, to fight) becomes krakatioste (fighting)
These present participles are attached at the end of a noun with an apostrophe, like adjectives.
ex. jeki’krakatioste (warring people)

-Past participles are formed by removing the “eh” from the end of an infinitive verb and adding “-lehet” to the end.
ex. trakieh (to fall) becomes trakilehet (fallen)
Past participles are added to the end of verbs as adjectives, just like present participles.

-Past tense verbs can be conjugated by conjugating the verb in its normal form and attaching “-va” directly to the end of the verb, without an apostrophe.
ex. torieh (to have) becomes toriah (I have) becomes toriahva (I had)

-Future tense works in the same way, but by adding “-ba” to the end of the verb instead.
ex. torieh becomes toriah becomes toriahba (I will have)

-The conjugation of keh (to be) is as follows:
ka – I am
kas – you are
kal – you are (formal), he/she/it is (also applies to objects)
kahi – we are
kali – you are (plural), they are (also applies to objects)

-A gerund is formed by adding “-o” to the end of a present participle as if it were an adjective.
ex. trakoste (falling) becomes trakoste’o (falling, n.)

-Adjectives are added to the ends of nouns with apostrophes. There are no masculine, feminine, or number specific adjectives, only one word with one meaning.
ex. Vocrioste’o’ahat (grey speaking)

-Sentence structure is the same as in the English language.

A Glossary of Nouns

ahpe (AH-peh) – foot
ahpese (AH-peh-se) – footwear, usually a more delicate shoe
alar (ALL-are) – rain, raindrop
anshe (AHN-sheh) – female sibling or very close female friend
baega (BAY-gah) – fear, horror, evil
bak (BAHK) – one, the one
balmyr (BALL-mere) – blessing, hope, faith, belief
borsu (bore-SUE) – time
dahan (DAH-hahn) – year
dail (dah-EEL) – light, flash
doraea (doh-RAY-ee-ah) – prison, confinement
doran (door-AHN) – a thousand
duos (DUE-ohs) – destruction, damage, collapse
duum (DOOM) – night, darkness, shadow
ikyor (ICK-yore) – wave, tide
jek (ZHEK) – person
kaer (CARE) – life
kalor (KAH-lore) – cliff, sheer rock face
kare (KAH-reh) – four
katire (kah-TEER-eh) – five
kaware (kah-WAH-reh) – caution, care; slowness
keshe (KEH-sheh) – male sibling or very close male friend
kle (KLEH) – valley, canyon
kor (CORE) – guard, soldier, warrior
krakatos (KRAH-kah-tohs) – war, conflict, fight
luk (LUKE) – way, path, method
nejek (NEH-zhek) – nobody, not a single person
obdaeus (ob-DAY-oos) – crown, circlet
pelannon (PELL-ah-non) – city, town
pelur (pell-OOR) – wall, shield, barrier
sanga (SAHN-gah) – blood
santi (SAHN-tee) – wits (this noun has no singular form)
saradel (SAH-rah-dell) – servant, slave
shosir (SHOW-sear) – blade, edged weapon (usually a sword)
skan (SKAHN) – mace, flail
tedari (teh-DAR-ee) – thanks (this noun has no singular form)
toreh (TORE-ay) – three
tos (TOHS) – two
val (VAHL) – lord, king, ruler
Valacirya (vahl-ah-SEER-yah) – the world
Valihi (vahl-EE-hee) – lord of lords, can also be expressed as val an vali
vokor (voh-CORE) – news, information
vokir (voe-KEER) – sound, noise
yardail (YAHR-dah-eel) – lightning
yarvokir (YAHR-voe-keer) – thunder

A Glossary of Infinitive Verbs

afarieh (ah-FAH-ree-eh) – to attach, to wear
annajieh (ah-NAH-zhee-eh) – to enter,to go inside
asarieh (ah-SAH-ree-eh) – to help, to aid, to contribute
balmyrieh (bahl-MERE-ee-eh) – to bless; to believe
balostieh (bah-LOS-tee-eh) – to approach, to near, to come closer
borsieh (BORS-ee-eh) – to look for, to seek
eshivieh (eh-SHEE-vee-eh) – to kneel, to lower oneself
farieh (fah-REE-eh) – to be able to, to have the ability to
felieh (feh-LEE-eh) – to make cold; to freeze
jerieh (ZHEH-ree-eh) – to grant, to allow, to permit
kaerieh (KAY-ree-eh) – to live
keh (KEH) – to be; to exist
kehileh (keh-HEE-leh) – to become
kelshieh (kell-SHEE-eh) – to walk, to travel, to move
krakatieh (krah-KAH-tee-eh) – to fight, to conflict, to war
krakieh (krah-KEE-eh) – to hit, to impact
midieh (mee-DEE-eh) – to kill
medileh (meh-DEE-leh) – to die
namrieh (nahm-REE-eh) – to name, to call (by a name)
narieh (NAH-ree-eh) – to need, to require
shadieh (shah-DEE-eh) – to burn, to combust
shirieh(SHEE-ree-eh) – to want, to desire
shorieh (SHOR-ee-eh) – to bring, to carry
tarieh (tah-REE-eh) – to frighten, to scare
torieh (TOHR-ee-eh) – to have, to own, to possess
trakieh (trah-KEE-eh) – to fall
vaieh (VAH-ee-eh) – to pass, to leave
varaieh (vah-RAH-ee-eh) – to meet, to greet; to see, to observe
vocrieh (voh-KREE-eh) – to speak, to vocalize

Other Words

a (AH) – for
ahiah (ah-hee-AH) – me, myself, I
ahiai (ah-hee-AH-ee) – we, ourselves
ahial (ah-hee-ALL) – he/she/they (singular)/it
ahiali (ah-hee-ALL-ee) – you (plural), they, them
ahialahi (ah-he-ALL-ah-hee) – themselves, each other
ahias (ah-hee-AHS) – you, yourself
ahil (ah-HEEL) – this
ahul (ah-HOOL) – that
aji (ah-ZHEE) – yes, affirmative
akh (AHK) – high, very, exceptionally
akhvel (AHK-vell) – highest, most, perfect
an (AHN) – of
annon (ah-NON) – many, plenty, numerous
ayor (ah-YORE) – from
dahila (dah-HEE-lah) – eternal, everlasting
en (EHN) – the
fahl (FALL) – free, unbound
far (FAHR) – strong, powerful
fel (FELL) – cold
fik (FICK) – when, as
forul (FOR-ool) – what
jhevah (zheh-VAH) – glad, happy, joyful
kaera (KAY-ruh) – alive
kan (KAHN) – twisted, foul, unnatural
kawa (KAH-wah) – cautious, careful; slow
ne (NEH) – no, not, negative
shahasi (shah-HAH-see) – old, ancient, aged
she (SHEH) – with
sil (SILL) – and, also, in addition
toskati (TOSS-kah-tee) – again, an additional time
vaeh (VAH-eh) – my, mine
vaehi (vah-EH-hee) – ours, our
vael (VAH-ell) – yours (formal), his/hers/its
vaeli (vah-ELL-ee) – yours (plural), theirs
vaes (VAH-ess) – your, yours
vi (VEE) – but, however
vol (VOHL) – to
zeh (ZEH) – too much, overmuch, overly so

A Glossary of Vocrioste'o'shahasi

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